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Alcoholic Liver Disease

alcoholic liver disease treatment in India

People suffering from Alcoholic liver disease should seek out alcoholic liver disease treatment in India as fast as possible. Alcoholic liver disease [ALD] is a wide term that refers to multiple ailments pertaining to the liver that are caused due to chronic, heavy alcohol ingestion. It is among the most common types of liver damage suffered by the people of the country. Overconsumption of alcohol can significantly damage the liver, and lead to a buildup of scarring, inflammation, and fats in the organ. If not treated timely and properly, ALD can even prove to be fatal. This factor makes it extremely vital that people get alcoholic liver disease treatment in India from a well-established and renowned medical institution that specializes in ailments related to the liver.

What Are The Symptoms Of Alcoholic Liver Disease?

Typically, the early signs of Alcoholic Liver Disease are quite vague. In addition to a general feeling of being unwell, people can also suffer from the following at this stage:

Pain in the abdomen

Nausea and vomiting

Diarrhea

Reduced appetite

While in several cases, people end up dismissing these symptoms thinking that they are due to a stomach bug, so should not be the case. Leaving these symptoms undiagnosed and untreated, while continuing with heavy alcohol consumption can accelerate the pace of liver damage. As the alcoholic liver disease progresses, it becomes easier to recognize its symptoms, which may include:

Jaundice

Swelling in the lower limbs of the body

Ascites, which basically implies to the buildup of fluid in the abdomen

Shivering and high fever

Extreme itchiness on the skin

Clubbing of fingernails

Unnaturally high weight loss

Wasting muscles and a general feeling of weakness and lethargy

Blood in stools and vomit

Easy bruising and bleeding

High sensitivity to alcohol and drugs

As the liver performs many crucial biological functions, it is prudent that people visit a facility offering alcoholic liver disease treatment in India, even at the slightest indication of this medical condition. Timely diagnosis and treatment of this condition can help in preventing it from becoming any worse.

Types Of Alcoholic Liver Disease

Alcoholic Liver Disease includes three stages or types of liver damage, alcoholic liver cirrhosis, alcoholic hepatitis (inflammation and necrosis), and fatty liver (steatosis). It is vital to seek out proper alcoholic liver disease treatment in India for all three of these conditions.

Alcoholic fatty liver: This is the very first stage of alcoholic liver disease, where fat starts accumulating around the liver. Alcoholic fatty liver is the most common and lest severe form of ALD, but it can still cause a host of dangerous side effects and eventually lead to alcoholic hepatitis. In case alcohol consumption is stopped, this condition can be reversed.

Alcoholic hepatitis: High alcohol consumption causes swelling or inflammation in the liver, leading to alcoholic hepatitis. This condition is much more severe and harder to control than Alcoholic fatty liver. Hence, it is vital to promptly seek out alcoholic liver disease treatment in India for it, before the condition deteriorates any further. People diagnosed with alcoholic hepatitis ideally suffer from high abdominal pain, nausea, swollen liver and vomiting.

Alcoholic liver cirrhosis: This is the most severe form of ALD, where the liver is heavily scarred due to alcohol abuse, and the damage caused to it cannot be undone. Cirrhosis may eventually lead to liver failure, as the organ stops to function properly. In many cases, liver transplantation is done for this alcoholic liver disease treatment in India. People suffering from alcoholic liver cirrhosis usually experience redness of the palms of their hands, thickening of the fingers, and an abnormal buildup of fat in normal liver cells.

Treatment options for Alcoholic Liver Disease

People diagnosed with any type of ALD must seek out alcoholic liver disease treatment in India as soon as possible. Treatment options for such conditions may include:

Lifestyle changes: Stopping alcohol consumptions, quitting smoking, and making efforts to lose weight can help in reversing alcoholic liver disease if it is in its early state. Being overweight and smoking is known to make alcoholic liver disease worse.

Medications: Certain medications can be used to help reduce inflammation in people suffering from acute alcoholic hepatitis. Patients can be given probiotics and antibiotics, as well as medicines that target the inflammation pathway for alcoholic liver disease treatment in India.

Liver transplant: This option for alcoholic liver disease treatment in India is typically meant for patients suffering from cirrhosis, whose liver completely ceases to function and organ transplantation is the only way to ensure their prolonged survival.

People seeking out alcoholic liver disease treatment in India must contact a reputable medical facility to ensure that they are provided with the care they need.

What is Alcohol liver disease:

Alcohol ingestion affects the liver, nervous system, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal system, muscles and the reproductive system. There is also an increased risk of cancer of the mouth, pharynx, food pipe, and liver associated with prolonged alcohol abuse.

The liver bears the greatest brunt of alcoholic injury leading to 3 distinctive, but overlapping forms of liver disease:

Fatty change (hepatic steatosis)
Acute alcoholic hepatitis
Cirrhosis

Cause :

Daily ingestion of 80 gm or more of ethanol poses a significant risk for serious liver damage while a daily intake of 160 gm or more for 10-20 years is consistently associated with severe liver injury. Only 10-15% of chronic alcoholics, however, develop cirrhosis. Women are more prone to hepatic injury and this may be related to reduce breakdown of alcohol and differences in body composition, possibly a genetic susceptibility. No genetic markers are known that can identify susceptible individuals.

The relation between fatty change or alcoholic hepatitis and progression to cirrhosis is not yet clear with cirrhosis developing without preceding evidence of fatty change or hepatitis in some individuals. In the absence of a clear understanding of the different factors responsible for liver injury, no safe upper limit for alcohol intake can be stated.

Fatty change:

This is an acute, reversible effect of alcohol ingestion and, in chronic alcoholism, may lead to a massive enlargement of the liver. This occurs because of increased breakdown of fat in the body causing more fatty acids to be delivered to the liver; excess lipid biosynthesis in the liver; reduced fat breakdown by the liver; and decreased transport of fat out of the liver.

Acute alcoholic hepatitis:

This liver injury is also potentially reversible. It is caused by the direct toxic effect of alcohol and is due to injury to the liver cell; reduced protective chemicals in the liver cells; increased production of toxic substances within the liver; and stimulation of the immune system. Reduced oxygen supply within the liver also contributes to the injury. If alcohol ingestion is continued, about 10-15% of patients from this stage will develop cirrhosis of liver. This occurs acutely, usually after a bout of heavy drinking. Patient may have minimal symptoms or may come in a fulminate liver failure. The usual symptoms, however, are malaise, loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, liver pain and jaundice. Each bout of hepatitis carries a risk of death of 10%-20% and repeated episodes lead to cirrhosis in 1/3rd of patients in a few years.

Cirrhosis:

This stage is characterized by a hard, shrunken liver and is a serious, potentially fatal condition. The patient has weakness, wasting of muscles, fluid in the abdominal cavity (ascites), bleeding in the intestinal tract and coma. Jaundice, ascites, portal hypertension and other features like grossly bloated abdomen and wasting of extremities clinically manifest this state.

End-stage alcoholic:

The causes of death include hepatic coma, profuse intestinal bleeding, unremitting infection, involving kidney failure and cancer of the liver.

In case of fatty change the patient is usually asymptomatic with only a mild liver enlargement. Blood tests may be normal or there may be a mild increase in bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase enzyme.

In case of acute alcoholic hepatitis, blood tests reveal elevated bilirubin level, increase in alkaline phosphatase and rise in white cell count.

Blood tests are grossly abnormal and biopsy of liver may be indicated in case of cirrhosis.